Norham Castle

Norham Castle

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ALISON H
Harrogate, UK611 contributions
sept. 2021
Norham Castle owes much of its fame to its connection to Turner , who painted several aspects of it . It's also an impressive relic of border history which featured in many attempts to keep the alien Scots at bay ( will it be restored if Scotland achieves its independence again ? ) You can simply enjoy it as a vast open space with some of its important features still standing . It's free for everyone , and in the care of English Heritage . There are plenty of explanations about its history and construction dotted around . There is plenty of off road car-parking at a short distance from the entrance to the site .
Écrit le 26 octobre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

Lincsman
N.E.Lincs263 contributions
sept. 2021
Norham castle appears in several paintings by Turner. The castle is at the edge of the village. There are information boards dotted around this free to enter English Heritage site. Well worth a visit.
Écrit le 10 octobre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

Simon W
Asfordby, UK108 contributions
sept. 2021
The site is free to enter. Good explanations on the English Heritage boards. Only a short walk outside Norham.
Écrit le 4 octobre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

Carol B
Birmingham, UK5 082 contributions
août 2021
Wednesday 25th August 2021, my husband and I decided to go to Norham, to visit Norham Castle under the care of the English Heritage, which has a fascinating and turbulent history.

For 450 years Norham Castle, first built in the 12th century, was one of the great English strongholds along the River Tweed, a barrier against the Scots. The Scots besieged it nine times, capturing it on four occasions. The remains of the impressive great tower still reveal signs of many building phases between the 12th and 16th centuries.

Norham’s founder was Ranulph Flambard, Bishop of Durham from 1099 until 1128. In the medieval period the Bishops of Durham enjoyed near-kingly powers, in return for enforcing order along the English–Scottish border.

The region could be wild and lawless, and sometimes erupted into open conflict. In wartime Norham’s English garrison defended the Tweed fords, an easy crossing point into England. Together with the nearby castles of Berwick and Wark, Norham was an essential part of the defences of the eastern border.

The importance of Norham was illustrated when Henry II ordered Hugh du Puiset, who became Bishop of Durham in 1153, to rebuild the castle. This Bishop Puiset did this on a grand scale, erecting the great tower on the site of Flambard’s original two-storey hall to provide high-status accommodation.

Between 1208 and 1212 King John also spent large sums on the castle. Its strength was demonstrated in 1215 when Alexander II of Scotland besieged Norham for 40 days, but failed to take it. Peace between England and Scotland was signed at Norham in 1219, and lasted along the border for most of the 13th century.

The most noteworthy event in Norham’s history took place in May 1291, when Bishop Anthony Beck entertained Edward I and his advisers at the castle while the king arbitrated between 13 competitors for the Scottish throne (a process known as the Great Cause).

Judgment was made in favour of John Baliol in 1292 at Berwick Castle, and three days later Baliol paid homage to Edward in the hall at Norham.

Edward I’s subsequent claims of overlordship over Scotland precipitated prolonged warfare in the borders. The Scots besieged Norham unsuccessfully in 1318, 1319 and 1322, and eventually took it in 1327, but it was restored to the bishop the following year.

Thereafter, Norham benefited from a period of relative peace, before it was besieged by James IV of Scotland in 1497 in support of Perkin Warbeck, a pretender to the English throne. The castle resisted attack for two weeks before an English army relieved it.

Much more significant damage was done in 1513 when James IV invaded with a large army, and this time captured Norham after a short siege. In less than three weeks Norham was restored to the Bishop of Durham after the English defeated the Scots at the Battle of Flodden nearby. But the ferocious Scots bombardment had resulted in great damage.

Such was Norham’s importance that rebuilding began almost immediately, this time to transform the castle into a powerful artillery fortress. English military engineers made alterations so that the garrison could return fire with great force from covered positions. They rebuilt the wall to the outer ward, encasing its lower courses in earth to provide strength and absorb incoming shot, constructed gun towers and incorporated arched gun positions.

The castle was maintained for most of the century, but in 1596 Elizabeth I refused to spend any money on it, and after the union of the English and Scots crowns in 1605 it slowly fell into decay. The ruins then passed through many hands until 1923, when they were placed in the care of the state, now the English Heritage.

My husband and I spent over three hours mooching round this interesting castle and we took lots of photographs. I even found inspiration here as I wrote a poem called ‘Only Silence Now’.

If you like history and you like castles then this is one for your bucket list.
Écrit le 1 octobre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

martinhH5865RD
Shrewsbury, United Kingdom219 contributions
sept. 2021
A stunning riverside and hillside location awaits the visitor here maintained by English Heritage. This massive castle was the centre for more than a dozen sieges, one lasting a year when Robert the Bruce attempted to capture it. It was the advancement in artillery technology and its use by field armies that enabled James IV of Scotland to batter and capture the castle in 1513 shortly before he was killed in the defeat to the English at the battle of Flodden. The majestic splendour of the castle is plain for all to see even in its ruinous state. A marvellous place to visit, full of atmosphere and majesty.
Écrit le 21 septembre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

Larna Loo
Bedworth, UK442 contributions
sept. 2021 • En couple
We walked from the mason arms and had a look around the castle ruins.
Very interesting and worth the look around .
Definitely worth a stop if you gave children, it’s free & they can burns some stem off.
Écrit le 16 septembre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

Sara S
6 contributions
sept. 2021 • En couple
What a fantastic Castle and free to visit too!. So much to see. So quiet and peaceful. A lovely place to spend some time and picnic.
Écrit le 14 septembre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

HelenB1980
Milton Keynes, UK15 contributions
août 2021
We loved spending an hour here exploring the castle and enjoying the countryside. We were staying in the village so walked up after a breakfast of bacon baps from the village butchers!
Écrit le 1 septembre 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

rockinrocky_robin
Timperley, UK170 contributions
juill. 2021
Popped in to visit this site on the way back from the Flodden battlefield. There are an impressive amount of ruins, it's free to enter and there is a decent amount of parking. Information boards give more detail and there are decent grounds around the castle to the extent that there were families having picnics as part of their visit. The castle is a bit off the beaten track so I would suggest making the visit as part of doing something else in the area rather than going there specifically as you'll only spend an hour or so on site
Écrit le 9 août 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

lenpotts
Newcastle upon Tyne, UK250 contributions
juill. 2021
an impressive castle, a fairly level, short walk from a small carpark. large castle with plenty of information boards giving an insight into the history of the castle
Écrit le 22 juillet 2021
Cet avis est l'opinion subjective d'un membre de Tripadvisor et non l'avis de TripAdvisor LLC.

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Norham Castle est ouvert :
  • dim - sam 10:00 - 18:00